Postural kyphosis is the term given to cases of kyphosis and Hyperkyphosis which are not due to an underlying spinal deformity or condition. In these cases, weak muscles or consistent poor posture are the underlying cause of the condition.
What is postural Kyphosis?
Postural kyphosis is the most common type of kyphosis – since it is linked to poor posture, a significant issue in society today – it now more frequently diagnosed than ever. Postural kyphosis it is more common in girls than in boys and is typically first noticed during adolescence.
Postural kyphosis is caused by poor posture, which leads to a weakening of the muscles and ligaments in the back. Unlike with Scheuermann’s disease, the vertebrae are shaped normally in postural kyphosis cases. It is often slow to develop and usually does not usually continue to become progressively worsen with time.
How is Postural Kyphosis diagnosed?
Postural Kyphosis is typically diagnosed from a visual inspection, and its specific cause is confirmed using X-rays. It is critical that X-rays are taken before treating any form of kyphosis, as it is important to differentiate between a case caused by poor posture, or one in which vertebral malformation may be an issue.
What are the symptoms of Postural Kyphosis?
In postural kyphosis, as opposed to other kinds of scoliosis, the hunching forward can be corrected by positioning the patient into a more upright position whilst standing. It will also disappear as the spine straightens out whilst lying face down on an examination table. This shows that the vertebra which make up the spine are not structurally misshapen, and the surrounding muscles, ligaments and fascia are flexible.
Postural kyphosis patients do not often struggle with severe pain, although aches and muscle fatigue are commonly reported. This type of kyphosis does not generally lead to a severe curve however, and there is little risk of neurologic, cardiac, or pulmonary problems.
How is Postural Kyphosis treated?
Treatment for Postural Kyphosis is typically aimed at correcting spinal alignment and working to strengthen the affected muscle groups. Approaches such as Chiropractic Biophysics, specific postural exercise and improved postural awareness with self-correction are effective in treating postural kyphosis.